located in the south of Cuba's eastern region. It has an extension
of 6 162,1 sq km (2379 sq mi) and an estimated population
of 1 016 754 inhabitants (1996) distributed in 9 municipalities.
The province ranks eleventh in extension and second in population.
Most of the territory is covered by mountains: those of the
orographic group of the Sierra Maestra, being its higher point
the Turquino peak 1972 m (6468 ft); and the south portions
of the Sierra de Nipe and Sierra Cristal. The rest of the
territory is occupied by the eastern end of the Cauto plain,
the Santiago de Cuba basin, and the central valley. The most
important rivers are the Contramaestre, the Guaninicum, and
Insustrial activity is represented by coffee and sugar production,
port activity, and cattle raising.
03 San Luis
04 Segundo Frente
05 Songo La Maya
06 Santiago de Cuba
07 Palma Soriano
08 Tercer Frente